BRAHMOS : The Success story of Indian Cruise Missile

It is one of the fastest Supersonic cruise missiles in the world. . BRAHMOS is a joint venture between Russia and India.The work of missiles began in the time of missile man, Abdul Kalam in 1980. The first supposed domestic missile made in Srikalamabad was  Prithvi-I made under the country’s program. Then another ballistic missile-like his was developed in the country.

Date: 20 January 2022

The importance of Missile was understood by India during the war in the 90’s. USA warships deployed at sea wreak havoc in Iraq with cruise missiles. The United States destroyed the missile palace, power station, and Presidential Palace with Tomahawk missile. Flying only a short distance from the ground, it did not catch by the radar. Because of these missiles, the United States fell heavily on Iraq.

Seeing this success, India also turned to Missile. He approached his closest friend Russia. At that time, RUS had the most modern missile which is P-800 ONIKS/YAKHONT. But instead of buying its Missile, decided to buy his technique. Russia’s economic and political situation was not good due to the partition of the Soviet Union. He also needed India’s help.

A joint venture between the two countries came to the fore in the form of Brahmos Aerospace. The aim was to build the most advanced supersonic cruise missile in the world compared to the P-400. Named after the river Brahmaputra of India and the river Moskva of  Russia. In it, RUS helped with the Propellant technique and India made a navigation system for it.

The first test was performed in 2001 in chandipur, Odisha. Senior officials and scientists of DRDO & ITR were also present. It joined the Indian Army in 2006. India was not a member country of MICR (Missile Technology Control Regime) at that time. Therefore, it was not allowed to have a height of more than 290 km. According to MICR’s rule, a country cannot keep the speed up to 300 km. India became a member of MICR so that limit was also abolished.

Facts About Brahmos?

This missile is 4.5 meters long and 0.6 meters wide. Weight is up to 3000 kg. It can carry 300 to 400 weights with it. It can fly 2.8 times faster than the speed of sound. It has a two-stage propulsion system, with a solid-propellant rocket for initial acceleration and a liquid-fuelled ramjet responsible for a sustained supersonic cruise. Air-breathing ramjet propulsion is much more fuel-efficient than rocket propulsion, giving the Brahmos a longer range than a pure rocket-powered missile would achieve. It is launched from water ships, airplanes, land as well as Mob-launchers. It can also make precise markings in a crowded area. It must arrive at a target. It can also chase targets based on the 3D system.

Today, India has a capacity of up to 600 km missiles. But you will be surprised to know that, despite all the features of BRAHMOS, Russia has not used them yet. Probably a factor as to why they’re not using, the technique is based on P-800. However, he was ready to help India. For a country with a large weapon like RUS, it was not a matter of buying missiles made from its own technology. Even if it is made by India, it doesn’t sound good.

Latest About BRAHMOS…

There are 4 variants of Brahmos. 1.ship_launched, 2. surface-launched, 3. Submarine-launched, 4. Air-launched. the hypersonic version Brahmos-II, is currently under the developing stage Which is about 7 times faster than the speed of sound. He can hit the target Infallible. Already an infinite hypersonic cruise missile is available, that is SHAURYA Mach 7.5  with a range of 700 km. but It only has the ability to shoot from surface to surface. BRAHMOS-II is in the final stage. it will be the fastest hypersonic missile in the world.

why it is necessary for the Indian defense system? it is operating on the Fire & Forgot Rule. There is no need to guide if once left. Brahmos is not only a missile but also a warning for the aggression of the enemy country.

There is not an exaggeration to say that Brahmos is the “Brahmastra of India”.

  • Surface-to-surface variants
  • Submarine-launched variant
  • Air-launched variant

Surface-launched, Block I

  • Ship-launched, anti-ship variant (Operational)
  • Ship-launched, land-attack variant (Operational)
  • Land-launched, land-attack variant (Operational)
  • Land-launched, anti-ship variant (In induction)

Surface-launched, upgraded variants

  • BrahMos Block II land-attack variant (Operational)
  • BrahMos Block III land-variant (In induction)
  • Anti-aircraft carrier variant (tested in March 2012) – The missile acquired the capability to strike aircraft carriers using a supersonic vertical dive variant of the missile that could travel up to 290 km.


  • Air-launched, anti-ship variant (Operational)
  • Air-launched, land-attack variant (Operational)


  • Submarine-launched, anti-ship variant – Tested successfully for the first time from a submerged pontoon on 20 March 2013.
  • Submarine-launched, land-attack variant (under development, expected completion in 2011)

Jay Hind….

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